Nature protection and biodiversity - National Responses

What are the policy responses?

Austria has ratified all the relevant international conventions on nature and landscape conservation. A national strategy has been developed to implement the Convention on Biological Diversity.

Table 4: Conservation areas in Austria (as at December 2009, source: Federal Environment Agency)

Site category Number Km2 % of national territory*
National parks 6 2353 2.8 %
Natura 2000 sites** 159 11,557 13.8 %
Nature conservation areas 442 2,992 3.6 %
Landscape conservation areas 247 12,696 15.1 %
Nature and landscape conservation areas 4 506 0.6 %
Protected parts of landscapes 347 86 0.1 %
Nature parks 48 4,143 4.9 %
Ramsar sites 19 1,380 1.6 %
Biosphere parks 6 1,525 1.8 %
Other conservation areas (excl. nature reserves) 40 1,507 1.8 %
Figure 5: Areas covered by special OEPUL measures, 1998-2007 (Fiala 2009b).